We are in the process of deriving speciﬁc targets for all of our business divisions regarding the reduction of our products’ CO2 emissions. These targets refer to the period until 2030 and will be binding on the Daimler Group worldwide.
The new climate protection targets for our vehicles are currently in the internal coordination process. Details of new European CO2 legislation for cars and light commercial vehicles were released in December 2018. A ﬁnal decision will also soon be made about reduction targets for trucks and buses for 2025 and 2030 — and we will now focus on meeting the associated requirements. In addition, quotas for electric vehicles, which may have to be taken into account when deﬁning our targets, are now being discussed worldwide. Furthermore, the market demand for electric vehicles is strongly dependent on how rapidly the necessary charging infrastructure becomes available — and this is yet another source of uncertainty. Our current reduction target for driving operation (tank-to-wheel) in the NEDC is -44% (2007–2021) for cars in the new-vehicle ﬂeet in the EU. We continue our eﬀorts to meet this target, as we expect signiﬁcant additional reductions in the coming years.
–44 % CO2 for carsin new-vehicle ﬂeet in the EU (2007–2021)
–10 % CO2 for vansin new-vehicle ﬂeet in the EU (2014–2018)
One of the most important means of reducing the CO2 emissions of our ﬂeets is the hybridization and electriﬁcation of our vehicles’ drive systems. We therefore have committed to make correspondingly large investments in research and development.
The Paris accord on climate protection aims to limit global warming to signiﬁcantly less than two degrees Celsius compared with the preindustrial level. It requires a signiﬁcant intensiﬁcation of measures, in particular more stringent CO2 targets for all countries and sectors.
Environmentally responsible vehicle development. We develop products that are especially environmentally friendly and energy-eﬃcient in their respective market segments. A vehicle’s environmental impact is largely decided during the ﬁrst stages of its development. The earlier we integrate environmentally responsible product development (Design for Environment, DfE) into the development process, the more eﬃciently we can minimize the impact on the environment. That is why continuous improvements in environmental compatibility are a major requirement in the creation of the product performance speciﬁcations. For every vehicle model and every engine variant, we have requirement speciﬁcations that deﬁne the characteristics and target values that must be achieved. These speciﬁcations include requirements concerning fuel consumption and emissions limit values for CO2 and nitrogen oxides. During the development process we regularly monitor compliance with these speciﬁcations.
Evaluating the environmental compatibility of a vehicle requires an analysis of the emissions and use of resources throughout the entire life cycle.
Mercedes-Benz models with environmental certiﬁcates. In 2005, Mercedes-Benz became the world’s ﬁrst automaker to publish productrelated environmental information (360° environmental check) within the framework of environmentally compatible product development in accordance with the ISO TR 14062 and ISO 14040/14044 standards. Since 2012, the brand has also met the requirements of the ISO 14006 international standard regarding integration of environmentally compatible product development into an overarching environmental and quality-management system. Such compliance has been conﬁrmed by the TÜV SÜD Management Service GmbH technical service company.
Mercedes-Benz models with environmental certiﬁcates (360° environmental check)
Our future target system. The largest share of primary energy consumption and CO2 emissions over the life cycle of a vehicle is attributable to the automobile’s operation. In the case of a passenger car with a combustion engine it is about 80 percent.
One weakness of this kind of life cycle assessment is that it doesn’t take into account the production of the fuels or, as is the case with electric vehicles, the generation of the electricity by a power plant. We have therefore set ourselves the goal of also considering the CO2 emissions holistically, as part of our sustainability strategy.
In addition to the CO2 reduction targets for operating status, in the future we will also report on the contributions from the production of the fuel and the generation of the electrical energy.